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Showing posts with label OTHERS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label OTHERS. Show all posts

Wednesday, August 11, 2010


WCCP: Web Cache Communication Protocol
Web Cache Communication Protocol (WCCP) is a Cisco-developed content-routing protocol that provides a mechanism to redirect traffic flows in real-time. It has built-in load balancing, scaling, fault tolerance, and service-assurance (failsafe) mechanisms. Cisco IOS Release 12.1 and later releases allow the use of either Version 1 (WCCPv1) or Version 2 (WCCPv2) of the protocol.
WCCP allows utilization of Cisco Cache Engines (or other caches running WCCP) to localize web traffic patterns in the network, enabling content requests to be fulfilled locally. Traffic localization reduces transmission costs and download time.
How WCCP Works:
WCCP enables Cisco Router to transparently redirect content requests to WEB engines running WCCP. The main benefit of transparent redirection is that users need not configure their browsers to use a web proxy. Instead, they can use the target URL to request content, and have their requests automatically redirected to a cache engine. The word "transparent" is this case means that the end user does not know that a requested file (such as a web page) came from the cache engine instead of from the originally specified server.
When a cache engine receives a request, it attempts to service it from its own local cache. If the requested information is not present, the cache engine issues its own request to the originally targeted server to get the required information. When the cache engine retrieves the requested information, it forwards it to the requesting client and caches it to fulfill future requests, thus maximizing download performance and substantially reducing transmission costs.
WCCP enables a series of cache engines, called a cache engine cluster, to provide content to a router or multiple routers. You can cluster up to 32 cache engines to scale to your desired capacity.

Versions : WCCP v1 and WCCP v2.

Difference : Multiple routers can use WCCPv2 to service a cache cluster. This is in contrast to WCCPv1, in which only one router could redirect content requests to a cluster.
ip wccp version {1 | 2}

To enable WCCP on Cisco Router
ip wccp web-cache

To enable WCCP redirection on particular interface
ip wccp web-cache redirect{out | in}

Those who are initiating the request to WEB, That will be in and which interface is connected to web engine is out.

Use with ACL
ip wccp web-cache redirect-list access-list


WCCP Outbound ACL Check Configuration

The following configuration example shows that the access list prevents traffic from network leaving Fast Ethernet interface 0/0. Because the outbound ACL check is enabled, WCCP does not redirect that traffic. WCCP checks packets against the ACL before they are redirected.
ip wccp web-cache
ip wccp outbound-acl-check
interface fastethernet0/0 
 ip access-group 10 out 
ip wccp web-cache redirect-list redirect-out
access-list 10 deny
access-list 10 permit any

Sample Config:
Router# configure terminal
Router(config)# ip wccp web-cache
Router(config)# interface fa0/0
Router(config-if)# ip wccp web-cache redirect out

Monitoring Commands:
Show ip wccp
sh ip wccp web-cache
Show ip wccp detail
Show ip interface

Known issues: After configuring WCCP on router, you can see high CPU utilization.

Important Links:

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